About the Czech Republic

The Czech Republic is a democratic country situated in the heart of Central Europe. It is landlocked, located 326 km from the Baltic sea and 322 km from the Adriatic Sea. It shares borders with Germany, Poland, Austria, and Slovakia. The population of the Czech Republic is more than 10 million inhabitants and covers an area of 78 000 km2.

The divide between the two principal mountain systems in Europe – the Hercynian and Alpine-Himalayan – runs through Czech territory. The country’s topography is therefore quite varied: plains (4.5 % of the country), hills (50.1 %), highlands (33.9 %) and mountains (11.6 %). Altitude: lowland regions below 200 m above sea level comprise 4.95 % of the country, regions of 200–500 m above sea level comprise 74.1%, regions of 600 – 1000 m above sea level comprise 19.3 %, and regions over 1000 m above sea level comprise 1.6 % of the total area. The highest point of elevation is Sněžka (1602 m above sea level) and the lowest is near Hřensko, where the River Labe exits Czech territory (117 m above sea level).

Economic structure

(share of economic sectors and subsectors in GDP – 1Q 2011):

Natural resources: hard coal, soft coal, clay, graphite, timber

Land use: arable land 41 %, permanent crops 2 %, permanent pastures 11 %, forests and woodland 34 %, other 12 %

Population and religion


Geographical position


Time zone

More information

For more information about the Czech Republic, visit the BusinessInfo.cz website.